The Bylaws Governing Tunstall Market In 1848
Between 1847 and 1855, Tunstall was governed by 18 elected Improvement Commissioners, whose duties included managing the market that was held in the Market Place (Tower Square) on Mondays and Saturdays. In 1848, the commissioners made bylaws governing the conduct of market traders and the behaviour of customers who visited the market.
BYLAWS GOVERNING TUNSTALL MARKET
RULES, ORDERS, and BYELAWS, ordered and made by the COMMISSIONERS of this MARKET for the Government thereof on the 3rd Day of May 1848.
- That the market shall be held henceforth on Monday and Saturday in every week, and shall open at ten o’clock in the morning and close at nine o’clock at night. The time of such opening and closing shall be announced by the ringing of the market bell; and no person shall buy, receive, sell, or deliver any provisions or goods within the limits of the market before or after those hours respectively; and all provisions or goods not then disposed of shall be cleared and taken away within 30 minutes from the ringing of the bell.
- That all the stations, stalls, standings, tressels, blocks, benches, carts, carriages, matters, and things in the market shall be appointed, placed, set out, and arranged, by and under the direction of the inspector or his deputy, and no person shall be allowed to hold, or occupy, or take possession, of any station, standing-place, or position in the market without the consent of the inspector or his deputy.
- No person shall hawk, cry, or carry about any articles whatever for sale in the market, and every article so hawked, carried about, or cried may be seized by the inspector or his deputy, and detained at the charge of the owner thereof until the penalty for such offence, and all costs of detaining the same, shall be paid and satisfied.
- That no person shall be allowed to underlet his stall or station to any other person, or give leave to another person to occupy it.
- That during the time of holding the market no person shall be allowed to go through the market place, or remain therein, with any horse, cart, or carriage, except for necessary access to the market or to some inn, house, shop, or premises; and no person shall set or place any empty cart or carriage, or suffer the same to remain in any other part of the market place than such as the inspector or his deputy shall appoint; and no person shall show any stallion, or commit any nuisance, or occasion any obstruction within the limits of the market during the holding thereof.
- That no person shall be allowed to loiter or remain unnecessarily and without lawful business in any part of the market, or who shall fight, shout, quarrel, or make any affray, clamour, or disturbance in the market or market place, or wantonly or wilfully overturn, remove, or displace any stall, standing-block, or tressel belonging to or used in the market, or shall whet any knife or tool upon any of the stonework of the market house or courthouse, or commit any offensive nuisance against the walls thereof, or write or make any mark thereon with chalk, paint, or otherwise, or post any bills or papers thereon, and any person offending against this byelaw may be immediately removed from the market by the inspector or his deputy.
- That no person shall break any window, or any lamp, or lantern, in the market or market place, or do any wilful damage whatever to any property of the Commissioners, and any person offending against this byelaw may be taken into custody by the inspector or his deputy, or a police officer, without warrant, and afterwards be conveyed before a justice to be fined for the offence.
- That any persons selling any provisions, or other articles or things, within the limits of the market, by weight or measure, and not giving full weight or full measure, shall be fined for each offence.
- That no person shall offer or expose for sale, or have in his or her possession within the limits of the market any veal or other flesh meat, fish, or other provisions that shall have been blown, coloured, or otherwise disguised, and any such articles shall be seized by the inspector or his deputy, and forfeited.
- No occupier of any stall, standing-block, or tressel, in the market, shall suffer any garbage or refuse to remain under or about the same, and all garbage, shells, or other refuse arising from the cleansing of fish, or otherwise produced or found at any fish stall, shall be removed by the occupier of such stall, standing-block, or tressel.
- No person occupying any stall, standing-block, or tressel, in the market shall be allowed to wash or clean any vegetables or other thing in the market after nine o’clock in the morning.
- No person shall bring or permit to remain in the market any cart, hand-cart, truck, or wheel-barrow, without the consent of the inspector or his deputy.
- That no person shall be allowed to have at large any bulldog, mastiff, or other ferocious dog, in any part of the market during the holding thereof.
- The market may be held on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays, under the same regulations as to tolls and otherwise, as are ordered and made for Mondays and Saturdays.
- That every person liable to be fined as aforesaid, or who shall offend against or act in disobedience to any of the foregoing byelaws, shall for every such offence or act of disobedience incur and pay such penalty not exceeding five pounds, besides costs, as shall be ordered by the justice before whom the complaint shall be heard, and such justice before whom any penalty imposed hereby shall be sought to be recovered shall have power to order the whole or any part only of such penalty to be paid.
Signed: Joseph Heath (L.S.) and Thomas Lees (L.S.)